Ethical sustainable clothing refers to garments that have been made from fabric that has been produced and sourced, using eco-friendly and sustainable farming practices. These would include crops and livestock that have been sustainably produced or fibers made from recycled materials. To get a better understanding of what ethical sustainable clothing is, we need to look at the farming and production methods used in producing fabrics and garments.
What is sustainable agriculture?
Sustainable agriculture is farming in a way based on an understanding of ecosystems and the relationships between organisms and their environment.
Sustainable farming is an efficient and productive way, but at the same time also a competitive way, to produce safe and high quality agricultural products. It protects and improves the natural environment, the economic and social conditions of the farmers and their families and also, in turn, the employees and local communities. Sustainable agriculture safeguards the health and welfare of the farmer and of the plant and animal species involved.
Sustainable agriculture at the end of the day seeks to sustain farmers, communities and resources by promoting farming practices and methods that are profitable, environmentally sound and also good for communities.
What are the elements of Sustainable farming?
The main elements of sustainable farming would include economic, social and environmental considerations.
1. Economic: the crops and varieties that are being cultivated should be suited to the local growing conditions. The farming system should be economically viable for the local farmer and the net farm income must be adequate to provide the farmer with an acceptable standard of living. The ultimate goal being one which ensures an annual investment which enables and facilitates improvement in the productivity of the soil, water conditions, other vital resources and the well-being of the farmers involved.
2. Social: poverty and low social conditions can hinder farmers in effectively growing crops and looking after livestock. Sustainable agriculture aims to improve the well-being of farmers and rural communities while ensuring and creating employment. For sustainable farming to survive, it must be able to facilitate the building of a strong rural social infrastructure.
3. Environment: the overall environmental objective of sustainable agriculture is to preserve natural resources whilst using ongoing and sustainable practices. Water sources for irrigation need to be sustainable. In areas where soil erosion is a problem, it should be tackled by incorporating proven methods of combating this problem. Soil productivity and fertility should be maintained by introducing natural and harmonious techniques to “feed” and enrich the soil. Sustainable farming increases the biodiversity of the area by providing a variety of organisms with healthy and natural environments to live in. The natural habitat of animals and plants must not be threatened by the of growing crops. If pesticides and fertilizers are being used, these must be stored and disposed of safely and any impact on the local environment kept to a minimum. (climate change should be reduced.)
Where we came from….
For thousands of years the textile industry was making use of only natural fibers such as cotton, silk and wool as the raw materials. Dyes were all natural using plant based substances and/or animal byproducts, and the final product was hand spun and hand made.
The Industrial Revolution changed all of that with the development of synthetic fibers and chemical dyes and machines to do the spinning and weaving of cloth. After the arrival of man-made fibers, the textile industry changed tremendously. Today polyester is the synthetic fiber that is used the most in the clothing sector.
Man-made fibers dominate the textile industry because of their low cost compared with natural fibers and represents 70% of global textile production. The pollution caused by the textile industry is detrimental to the environment and is just as harmful as the resources that it consumes. Thirty five percent of global plastic microfibers in the ocean come from the clothing industry. When polyester fabric is washed, both in the factory and in domestic machines, it sheds microfibers that end up in the waterways and our oceans. These pollutants are currently been eaten by various forms of sea life, and in turn are finding their way into the human food chain.
Where we are going to…..
The global textile industry provides employment to millions of people around the world. From the growing to the spinning and weaving of fabrics to the manufacturing of garments. Different cultures and countries follow different practices and there are rules and regulations in place to safeguard workers.
The textile industry is one of the largest in the world making sustainability an important factor and concept. Companies have the opportunity to make big differences on an environmental, social and economic level. “Reduce, reuse and recycle” are important concepts in sustainability.
There is a very high demand for water in the production of textiles, from the growing of crops to the dying and finishing of fabrics. Textile manufacturing uses a great amount of energy and creates environmental issues such as water pollution and toxic chemicals in contaminated waters. Many industries worldwide are working towards reducing their carbon footprint and the textile industry needs to look at more sustainability driven transformations. Sustainable fashion through the innovation of new fabrics such as organic cotton brushed velvet and structured organic cotton denim is already happening.
Ethical sustainable clothing is possible
Contemporary and versatile designs are now available while also respecting people and the planet. Affordable ethical clothing can make you feel and look good without breaking the bank. Fast fashion has become part of modern day life, with garments only lasting a few washes before it is worn out and discarded. Paying more for quality products can be daunting, but more manufacturers are producing affordable ethical clothing.
Many companies are changing their business models to include a supply chain that have a lower environmental impact and better socioeconomic conditions for workers in the field and in factories. Consumers are increasing aware of the environmental impact of textile production and are asking for ethical sustainable clothing.
People Tree was one of the pioneers of sustainable and Fair Trade fabrics and fashion. Items I bought from them many years ago are still in my wardrobe looking good.